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Discover Medellín Colombia: The City of Eternal Spring

Medellin Colombia

In the heart of Colombia, in the department of Antioquia, nestled within the breathtaking Aburrá Valley, lies a city that has captivated the world with its remarkable transformation: Medellin. This vibrant metropolis, known as the second largest city in Colombia after Bogotá, boasts a rich history and an astonishing rise from its dark past. Medellin’s significance in Colombian society and culture cannot be overstated.

Personal Experience of The Author Living in Medellín, Colombia

1996 was the first time I landed at the international airport in Medellin with my then-future wife to be introduced to her family.  The city was not a very safe place to be for foreigners in that period, but because I was accompanied by Colombians, I had no problems.

After leaving the Navy in 2007, we moved to Medellin, where I had the pleasure of living from 2007 until 2021. Medellin has become much safer but still has its problems.

The biggest problem, in my opinion, is and still is the corruption at all levels of the population, which makes life challenging at times. Also, there is a huge gap between rich and poor, but there is hope because the middle class is expanding.

Medellin has changed a lot compared to 1996, in a very positive way. Medellin has become a very beautiful, modern city. The day-to-day costs of life have skyrocketed in the last decade, making it challenging for families to feed their families, pay rent, etc.

For a foreigner visiting Colombia, it may seem that Colombia is not expensive, especially now that the exchange rate is favorable, but if you want to live the same lifestyle as you did in your native country, you will be surprised at how expensive it can become.

Geography and Climate

Medellin, the capital of Antioquia, boasts a location that is as awe-inspiring as it is strategic. Situated in the northwestern part of Colombia, this vibrant city lies at an elevation of approximately 1,500 meters (4,900 feet) above sea level.

Medellin: Photo by the Author

The Aburrá Valley itself serves as a natural basin surrounded by majestic mountains, creating a picturesque landscape that is admired by both locals and visitors alike. Surrounded by verdant hills and rolling terrain, Medellin is blessed with an abundance of natural beauty.

The eastern side of the valley is flanked by towering peaks such as Cerro El Volador and Cerro Nutibara, while to the west lies the impressive Cordillera Occidental range. These mountains not only provide breathtaking views but also serve to protect the city from extreme weather conditions.

The City’s Surrounding Mountains and Lush Greenery

Medellin’s landscape is adorned with an array of lush greenery that thrives in its moderate climate. The abundance of trees and vegetation creates a refreshing atmosphere throughout the city. Traveling through its various neighborhoods reveals parks, gardens, and even forested areas like Parque Arví on its outskirts.

The surrounding mountains not only add to Medellin’s natural charm but also provide opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, rock climbing, and paragliding. Locals often escape to these scenic retreats for relaxation or adventure-seeking pursuits.

The city’s commitment to preserving its green spaces has led to initiatives like urban forestry programs that promote planting trees in urban areas. This focus on sustainability contributes to maintaining Medellin’s reputation as a haven for nature lovers.

Medellin is Referred to as “The City of Eternal Spring”

Medellin has earned the nickname “The City of Eternal Spring” due to its consistently mild and comfortable climate throughout the year. The average annual temperature hovers around 22 degrees Celsius (72 degrees Fahrenheit).

Medellin: Photo by the Author

This delightful weather is a result of Medellin’s proximity to the equator and its elevation, which combine to create a moderate subtropical highland climate. The city experiences two distinct seasons: the dry season and the wet season.

The dry season typically falls between December and February, while the wet season extends from March to June and from September to November. However, even during the wet months, rainfall is usually limited to brief afternoon showers that do little to dampen the city’s spirit.

This year-round moderate weather makes Medellin an appealing destination for visitors seeking respite from the extreme temperatures found in other regions. It also contributes to Medellin’s outdoor-focused lifestyle, with numerous parks, plazas, and public spaces where residents gather to socialize and enjoy the beautiful surroundings.

History and Culture

The history of Medellin can be traced back to long before Spanish colonization. The Aburrá Valley, where the city is located, was inhabited by indigenous tribes such as the Tahamíes and the Nutabes. These tribes thrived in this fertile land, cultivating crops like maize, yuca (cassava), and beans.

Their advanced agricultural techniques allowed them to flourish and establish sophisticated settlements. The indigenous people of this region had a deep connection with nature, as evidenced by their worship of natural elements such as water and mountains.

They built ceremonial centers adorned with intricate stone carvings and elaborate rituals that celebrated their spiritual beliefs. Today, traces of these ancient civilizations can still be found in archaeological sites scattered throughout Medellin’s surroundings.

Spanish Colonization and Its Impact on Medellin’s Development

In 1541, Spanish conquistador Jerónimo Luis Tejelo founded Medellin as a Spanish settlement. The arrival of the Spaniards marked a significant turning point in the region’s history.

During this period, gold mining became a major industry in Medellin due to its proximity to rich gold deposits. Under Spanish rule, Medellin grew into an important trading post for goods like textiles and tobacco.

The city became an important link between other Colombian cities and Cartagena, a crucial port for Spain’s trade with Europe. The impact of Spanish colonization can still be seen today in Medellin’s architecture, language (Spanish), religion (predominantly Catholicism), and traditional customs that have been passed down through generations.

The Rise and Fall of Drug Cartels: Pablo Escobar’s Influence On The City

Medellin’s recent history is intertwined with the rise and fall of drug cartels, notably the infamous Medellin Cartel led by Pablo Escobar. In the 1980s and early 1990s, Escobar’s drug empire turned Medellin into one of the most dangerous cities in the world.

Escobar’s influence extended beyond drug trafficking, as he used his vast wealth to invest in infrastructure projects and support local communities. However, his brutal tactics and violent reign of terror brought immense suffering to Medellin’s residents.

After years of violence, law enforcement agencies targeted the drug cartels, eventually leading to Escobar’s death in 1993. Since then, Medellin has made significant strides in overcoming its dark past and transforming itself into a safer city. The people don’t like to be reminded of that dark period.

Medellín’s Natural Beauty: Gardens, Landscapes and Architecture

Medellín’s natural beauty is sure to captivate visitors with its gardens, parks, and breathtaking landscapes. One of the most enchanting spots to explore is the Jardin Botanico, a lush botanical garden that showcases a wide variety of Colombian plants and flowers. Strolling through the well-maintained paths, you’ll be surrounded by colorful blooms, towering trees, and the soothing sounds of nature.

Jardin Botanico: Photo by the Author

Aside from the Jardin Botanico, Medellín is also home to numerous parks and green spaces that offer a peaceful respite from the bustling city.

Parque Arví, an Ecological Park With Stunning Views

For nature enthusiasts seeking a respite from urban life, Parque Arví is an absolute must-visit destination in Medellin. Nestled high amid the mountains that surround the city, this expansive ecological park spans over 39 square kilometers (15 square miles) of lush greenery and diverse ecosystems. As you wander along its numerous trails, you will encounter breathtaking vistas at every turn, from panoramic views overlooking Medellin’s skyline to cascading waterfalls surrounded by verdant foliage.

Parque Arví is not only a haven for hikers and nature lovers but also a living testament to Colombia’s commitment to conservation. The park boasts impressive biodiversity, housing over 1,500 species of plants and countless animals, some of which are endemic to the region.

As you explore, you may spot rare birds and butterflies fluttering among blossoming flowers or even encounter elusive mammals such as spectacled bears or ocelots. A visit to Parque Arví offers an opportunity to reconnect with nature and experience the tranquility that comes from being immersed in such a stunning natural environment.

Table: Medellín’s Gardens and Parks

Jardin BotanicoA vast botanical garden showcasing Colombian plants and flowers
Parque ArviA mountain park accessible by cable car, offering hiking trails and breathtaking views
Parque ExploraA science-themed park with interactive exhibits, an aquarium, and a planetarium
Parque de los Pies DescalzosA unique park where visitors are encouraged to walk barefoot and connect with nature

Plaza Botero, Home to Fernando Botero Sculptures

One cannot explore the city of Medellin without visiting Plaza Botero, a renowned gathering place adorned with magnificent sculptures by the acclaimed Colombian artist Fernando Botero. Situated in the heart of the city, this sprawling square is a true testament to Medellin’s appreciation for art and culture.

Botero Sculpture: Photo by the Author

As you walk around the plaza, your gaze will be drawn to the larger-than-life bronze figures that have come to represent Botero’s particular style. These voluptuous figures depict a range of subjects, from everyday people engaging in conversation to animals displaying their charm and grace.

Each sculpture in Plaza Botero tells a unique story and invites you to engage with it on both an emotional and intellectual level. Take your time as you explore this open-air museum; sit on one of the benches surrounding the plaza and observe how locals and visitors alike interact with these fascinating works of art.

The plaza also houses the Palacio de la Cultura Rafael Uribe Uribe, an architectural gem that serves as an exhibition space for various artistic endeavors. A visit to Plaza Botero is not only an opportunity to appreciate art but also a chance to immerse yourself in Medellin’s vibrant atmosphere.

Metrocable: An Innovative Urban Planning Project

One cannot discuss Medellin’s architecture without acknowledging its groundbreaking urban planning initiatives. One such project that has revolutionized the city’s transport system is the Metrocable (part of the Metro System). Recognizing the need to connect hillside neighborhoods that were previously isolated due to challenging topography, Medellin implemented this cable car system as an innovative solution.

Medellin Cable car

The Metrocable not only provides convenient transportation but also offers residents from marginalized communities access to education and employment opportunities within the city center. As you ascend into the sky on one of the cable cars, you will be treated to awesome views of Medellin’s panorama.

The Metrocable serves as both a practical means of transport and a breathtaking attraction for tourists looking to explore different parts of the city from above. It exemplifies how urban planning can address social inequality while simultaneously enhancing connectivity and sustainable development in hilly areas.

Cable Car LineRouteAttractions
Metrocable Line KSanto Domingo Savio – Arví ParkArví Park, ecological trails, picnic areas
Metrocable Line LAcevedo, Villa SierraBotanical Garden, Explora Science Park

El Castillo Museum, a Castle-Like Structure With Beautiful Gardens

El Castillo Museum lies atop a hill in Medellin amidst lush green gardens, a captivating architectural gem reminiscent of medieval European castles.

Built in 1930, this enchanting structure showcases a unique blend of Gothic and Romanesque architectural styles, creating an atmosphere that transports visitors to a bygone era.

As you step through the grand entrance, you are greeted by opulent interiors adorned with intricate woodwork, stained glass windows, and elegant furnishings. Beyond the museum’s architectural charm, the expansive gardens surrounding El Castillo add to its allure.

With meticulously manicured landscapes featuring vibrant flowers and tranquil fountains, these gardens provide a serene setting for contemplation and relaxation. The panoramic views of Medellin’s skyline from the castle’s terrace are truly breathtaking.

El Castillo Museum offers not only a glimpse into Colombia’s rich history but also an opportunity to experience the beauty of its architectural heritage in a sublime setting. Medellin, Colombia, is not only renowned for its transformation from a notorious drug cartel hub to a thriving city but also for its remarkable landmarks and architecture.

Plaza Botero, with its captivating sculptures by Fernando Botero, offers an immersive art experience at the heart of Medellin. Parque Arví provides nature enthusiasts with stunning views and diverse ecosystems within a sprawling ecological park.

The Metrocable demonstrates how innovative urban planning can connect hillside neighborhoods while offering breathtaking vistas along the way.

El Castillo Museum stands as an enchanting testament to Colombia’s architectural heritage, surrounded by beautiful gardens that offer serenity amidst bustling city life.


Traditional Colombian Cuisine in Medellin

Medellin, Colombia, not only captivates visitors with its stunning landscapes and vibrant culture but also tantalizes their taste buds with its rich culinary offerings.

The city is a treasure trove of traditional Colombian cuisine, boasting diverse flavors and influences that reflect the region’s history and cultural heritage. From street food stalls to upscale restaurants, Medellin presents an array of gastronomic delights that will leave you craving more.

Antioquia, the department in which Medellin is located, holds a special place in Colombian cuisine. Known as Antioquian cuisine, it showcases the region’s unique flavors and culinary traditions.

At the heart of Antioquian dishes lies a delightful combination of ingredients such as beans, corn, plantains, meat, and fresh vegetables sourced from the fertile lands surrounding Medellin. This blend creates a diverse range of flavors that are both comforting and mouth-watering.

Bandeja Paisa: A Hearty Platter

One dish that stands out among the many remarkable Antioquian specialties is bandeja paisa. This hearty platter represents not just a mere meal but a cultural experience in itself. Originating from rural areas around Medellin but now firmly embedded in the city’s culinary identity, bandeja paisa is an exquisite combination of various components on one plate.

At its core lies red beans cooked to perfection alongside white rice, a simple yet flavorful combination that forms the base of this dish. Nestled next to this savory duo are succulent grilled meats like chicharrón (fried pork belly), carne asada (grilled steak), chorizo (sausage), or morcilla (blood sausage).

These protein-packed elements are accompanied by golden-fried plantains known as maduros, a refreshing serving of avocado, and a corn cake called arepa. The combination of textures and flavors in bandeja paisa is truly remarkable, satisfying both the cravings and curiosity of any food enthusiast.

Note from the author: This is a must-try if you are in Medellin or its surrounding villages.

Culinary Delights in Medellín 
Bandera PaisaA traditional platter with beans, rice, plantains, avocado, eggs, and meat.
CevicheA refreshing dish made with fresh fish marinated in citrus juices.
ArepasCornbread snacks filled with cheese, meat, or beans.
EmpanadasCrispy pastries filled with meat, cheese, or vegetables.

When it comes to dining options, Medellín offers a diverse array of restaurants that cater to all tastes. Whether you’re craving international cuisine or want to sample the best of Colombian gastronomy, you’ll find a restaurant to suit your preferences.

From trendy bistros to traditional eateries, the city’s culinary scene is sure to leave you satisfied. So, if you’re planning a vacation in Medellín, indulge in the city’s culinary delights.

From traditional dishes to street food favorites, you’ll embark on a gastronomic journey that will delight your taste buds and introduce you to the diverse flavors of Medellín

Immerse Yourself in Medellín’s Festivals and Events

Medellín comes alive at night with its vibrant nightlife scene, offering a variety of bars, clubs, and entertainment options. Whether you’re in the mood for live music, salsa dancing, or simply enjoying a cocktail with friends, there is something to suit every taste.

Medellin by Night: Photo by the Author

The city’s energetic atmosphere and friendly locals create a welcoming ambiance that makes for memorable nights out.

One of the highlights of Medellín’s social calendar is Latin America’s biggest Fashion Week. This annual event showcases the latest trends and designs from both local and international fashion designers.

Fashion enthusiasts from around the world gather in Medellín to witness the creativity and talent on display, making it an unmissable experience for any lover of fashion.

Another must-see event is the Feria de las Flores or Flower Festival. This colorful celebration takes place every August and pays homage to Medellín’s rich floral heritage. The festival features parades, exhibitions, and competitions centered around the beauty and diversity of flowers. It is a feast for the senses and offers a unique glimpse into the city’s vibrant culture.

To fully immerse yourself in the local nightlife and festival scene, it’s best to connect with a knowledgeable guide who can show you the best spots to visit and help you navigate the city’s vibrant offerings.

Whether you’re a first-time visitor or returning to explore more of what Medellín has to offer, you’re sure to create unforgettable memories during your time in this lively and culturally rich destination

Latin America’s Fashion WeekTBAShowcasing the latest fashion trends
Feria de las FloresAugustColorful parades and exhibitions celebrating flowers

Safety Tips for Traveling in Medellín

While Medellín is generally a safe destination, it’s important to take certain precautions to ensure a worry-free trip. Here are some safety tips for travelers visiting this vibrant Colombian city:

Stay in well-known and reputable neighborhoods: Choose accommodations in popular areas such as El Poblado or Laureles, which are known for their safety and tourist-friendly atmosphere.

Avoid displaying valuable items: Keep your expensive jewelry, cameras, and gadgets out of sight to minimize the risk of attracting attention from potential pickpockets.

Use reliable transportation options: Stick to official taxi services or ride-hailing apps like Uber to ensure a safe and reliable mode of transport. Avoid unlicensed taxis, especially at night.

Be cautious in crowded areas: Pay attention to your surroundings in crowded places such as markets or public transportation stations, as these are common areas for petty theft. Keep your belongings secure and be vigilant.

Learn basic Spanish phrases: While many locals in Medellín can communicate in English, knowing a few basic Spanish phrases can greatly enhance your travel experience and help you navigate any potential language barriers.

By following these safety tips, you can enjoy your time in Medellín with peace of mind and make the most of your travel experience in this vibrant Colombian city.

Useful Tips for Getting Around Medellín:

Get a rechargeable Civica card for easy access to public transportation.

Download the Moovit app for real-time public transportation schedules and routes.

Be cautious when using taxis and only opt for authorized taxis or use ride-hailing apps like Uber or Didi.

Take advantage of the public bicycle-sharing program, EnCicla, to explore the city on two wheels.

Use the integrated metro and cable car ticket to save money when traveling to attractions in the surrounding areas.

With a well-connected transportation network and various options to choose from, getting around Medellín is a breeze. So hop on a cable car, explore the city’s vibrant neighborhoods, and discover all the wonders this enchanting destination has to offer.


Medellín, Colombia, offers an unforgettable travel experience with its dynamic culture, stunning landscapes, and endless possibilities for exploration. Don’t miss out on discovering the hidden gems of this captivating city.

Known as the “City of Eternal Spring,” the city’s mild temperatures year-round make it an ideal destination for those looking to escape harsh winters. The city’s vibrant culture comes alive through its numerous cultural events, such as Latin America’s biggest Fashion Week and the Feria de las Flores, or Flower Festival.

Medellín is not only rich in cultural offerings but also boasts architectural wonders, world-class museums, and beautiful gardens like the Jardin Botanico. Exploring the city is made even more enjoyable with its urban cable cars, providing breathtaking views of the surrounding areas.

While Medellín is generally safe for tourists, it is always important to take common safety precautions. By being aware of your surroundings and taking a guided city tour, you can fully enjoy everything that Medellín has to offer without any worries.

With its affordability, cultural activities, and amazing food, Medellín is truly a must-visit destination. Experience the charm of this city for yourself and create memories that will last a lifetime.


Is Medellín, Colombia, a safe city for tourists?

While Medellín is generally safe for tourists, it is important to take common safety precautions. Be aware of your surroundings, avoid displaying valuable items, and stick to well-populated areas. It is also recommended to use reputable transportation services and stay informed about any local safety advisories.

What are some must-see attractions in Medellín?

Medellín boasts architectural wonders, such as the iconic Metropolitan Cathedral. The city is also home to several museums, including the Museum of Antioquia and the Medellín Modern Art Museum. Don’t miss the beautiful Jardin Botanico, a lush botanical garden, and enjoy stunning views of the city from the urban cable cars.

What are some popular events and festivals in Medellín?

Medellín is known for its vibrant festivals and events. Latin America’s biggest Fashion Week takes place here, showcasing the latest trends in fashion and design. The Feria de las Flores, or Flower Festival, is another highlight, featuring colorful parades and flower exhibitions.

Can you recommend any affordable places to eat in Medellín?

Medellín offers a wide range of dining options to suit every budget. If you’re looking for affordable eats, head to the local markets where you can try delicious street food at reasonable prices. Don’t miss the opportunity to try traditional Colombian dishes, such as bandeja paisa or arepas.

How can I get around Medellín?

Medellín has an efficient public transportation system, including buses and an extensive metro network. Taxis are also readily available, but make sure to use reputable companies or use the Uber or Didi app. To enjoy a unique way of exploring the city, hop on the urban cable cars, which offer breathtaking views of the surrounding areas.

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Frank Claassen

I’m a blogger who’s passionate about traveling and the lifestyle that comes with it.

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